IRSHAD MANJI calls hersefl a Muslim Refusenik. 'That doesn t mean I refuse to be a Muslim,' she writes. 'It simply means I refuse to join an army of automatons in the name of Allah.' These automatons, Manji argues, include many so-called moderate Muslims in the West. In blunt, provocative, and deeply personal terms, she unearths the troubling cornerstones of Islam as it is widely practiced- tribal insularity, deep-seated anti- Semitism, and an uncritical acceptance of the Koran as the final, and therefore superior, manifesto of God. In this open letter to Muslims and non-Muslims alike, Manji asks pointed questions about mainstream Islam. 'Why are we all being held hostage by what s happening between the Palestinians and the Israelis? Who is the real colonizer of Muslims America or Arabia? Why are we squandering the talents of women, fully half of God s creation? Manji offers a practical vision of how Islam can undergo a reformation that empowers women, promotes respect for religious minorities, and fosters a coopetition of ideas. Her vision revivies Islam s lost tradition of independent thought.